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来跳坑!未来最受欢迎的十大职业

 

职场英语:来跳坑!未来最受欢迎的十大职业

 

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, every major occupational group, with the exception of farming and fishing occupations, are expected to gain jobs in the next 10 years. That being said, the possibilities are endless when it comes to picking your future career. Whatever your personality or interests, you can find your niche in one of the many growing markets today.

根据美国劳工统计局,除了畜牧业和渔业的职业外,预计每个主要职业类别在未来十年里都有新工作的增加。也就是说,未来职业的选择可能性是无穷的。现在无论你的性格或兴趣是什么,你都能在不断发展的市场中寻找到属于自己的位置。

 

For the Caregiver: Physician Assistant or Registered Nurse

护理人员:医师助理或注册护士

 

Physician assistants practice medicine under the supervision of doctors and surgeons. Becoming a physician assistant requires a master’s degree in nursing. The median pay is $90,930 per year. RNs coordinate with doctors and provide care and emotional support for patients. To become a nurse you need a diploma from a nursing program, a B.S. in nursing or A.A. in nursing.

医师助理需要在医生和外科医生的监督下,开业行医。要成为一名医师助理需要护理学硕士学位。平均工资为每年90,930美金。注册护士协助医生,照顾病人,给他们提供情感支持。要成为一名护士,你需要护理课程、护理理学士或者护理文学学士的文凭。

 

For the Gym-Addict: Physical Therapist

健身爱好者:理疗医师

 

Physical therapists provide help to improve the mobility of injured or ill people. They are important to the physical rehabilitation of patients with chronic injuries and help with pain management to people who have experienced physical trauma. Physical therapists also work with injury prevention and education. To be a physical therapist you must have a Doctor of Physical Therapy Degree and have a license to practice. The median salary is $79,860 per year as of 2014. Jobs similar to this include audiologists, chiropractors, physical therapist assistants, and speech language pathologists.

理疗医师帮助受伤、生病的人改善身体灵活性。他们对慢性受伤病人的躯体康复很重要,帮助经受了肉体创伤的人减轻疼痛、还从事损伤预防和教育。想成为一名理疗医师,你需要理疗博士学位,并且持有行医执照。以2014年为例,理疗师的平均工资为每年79,860美金。相似职业有听力矫治专家、脊椎按摩师、理疗师助理和语音语言病理学家。

 

For the Outdoorsy Type: Brickmason

户外类:泥水匠

 

Brickmasons use natural and man-made stones to build fences, walkways, and structures. Though some hold higher degrees, most masons primarily learn through apprenticeship or on the job training. In 2014 the median salary is $44,950 per year. Similar occupations include construction work, carpentry, terrazzo work, and marble setting.

泥水匠用自然或人造石来造篱笆、走道、建筑。虽然有些人有高等学位,大多数泥水匠主要通过学徒制或职业培训学习。2014年,平均工资为44,950美金。相似职业有建筑工、木工、水磨石和大理石工艺从业者。

 

For the Curious Mind: Occupational Therapist

有好奇心的人:职业治疗师

 

Occupational therapists help injured or ill patients recover and improve the skills they need for living by therapeutically working through everyday tasks. Becoming an occupational therapist typically requires a master’s degree in occupational therapy, though in some cases a B.A. in psychology may be accepted. All occupational therapists are required to be licensed or registered. The median pay as of 2014 is $75,400 annually. Similar jobs include physical therapists, occupational therapy assistants, and exercise psychologists.

职业治疗师通过每天治疗性的任务来帮助受伤或生病的人康复和改善他们所需的生存技能。要成为一名职业治疗师,需要职业治疗硕士学位。虽然在有些例子中,心理学学士学位也可能被接受。所有职业治疗师要有执照或是有注册。以2014年为例、职业治疗师的平均工资为75,400美金。相似职业有理疗医师、职业治疗助理和运动心理学家。

 

For the Math Minded: Personal Financial Advisor

数学人才:个人金融顾问

 

Personal Financial Advisors give financial advice to their clients. They help with taxes, investments, insurance, and monetary decisions. To be a financial planner you need a bachelor’s degree, but higher degrees and certificates help increase chance of employment and increase in client base. The median salary in 2014 is $67,520 per year. Similar careers include budget analysts, financial analysts, financial managers, and insurance agents.

个人金融顾问给客户提供金融咨询。他们业务涉及税收、投资、保险、货币政策决策。要成为金融规划师,你需要学士学位,但是更高的的学位和文凭能帮助你增加被雇佣的机会和客户基础。2014年个人金融顾问的平均工资为67,520美金。相似职业有预算分析师、金融分析师、财务经理和保险代理人。

 

For the Computer Lover: Software Developer

电脑爱好者:软件开发员

 

With the growing emphasis on computer technology, app development, and data communications, cyber buffs are in full demand. Software developers generally have a bachelor’s degree in computer science and an in depth knowledge of computer programming tools and language. The median pay as of 2014 is $93,350 per year. Similar jobs include computer and information research scientists, computer hardware engineers, computer programmers, computer application engineers, and computer systems analysts.

由于社会对计算机技术、应用开发和数据远程传输越来越重视,电脑爱好者倍受欢迎。软件开发员一般需要一份计算机科学学士学位,同时对计算机编程工具和语言也要有深入的研究。2014年软件开发员的平均工资为93,350美金。相似的职业有计算机信息研究科学家、计算机软件工程师、计算机编程师、计算机应用工程师和计算机系统分析师。

 

For the Organized Mind: Management Analyst

有组织天赋者:管理分析师

 

Management Analysts brainstorm and plan ways to improve a company’s efficiency. They make recommendations on how to make organizations most profitable and are oftentimes responsible for budget and revenue goals. Most management analysts usually have a bachelor’s degree, but this is not required. The median salary is $78,600 per year as of 2014. Similar occupations include accountants, auditors, budget analysts, administrative services managers, market research analysts, and business executives.

管理分析师设计方法来提高公司的效率。他们推荐不同的方法来让组织利益最大化,时常对预算和税收目标负责。大部分管理分析师通常有一个学士学位,但并不会必须的。2014年平均工资为78,600美金。相似的职业有会计,审计员,预算分析师,行政服务经理,市场研究分析师和企业主管。

 

For the Bookworm: Teacher

爱书类:老师

 

Teachers are responsible for the education of students within their field. There are tons of different types of teachers, but the ones with the highest projected growth are preschool teachers and college instructors. Education requirements for a preschool teacher vary by school and state, ranging from high school diploma to a college degree. Their median salary in 2014 is $27,130 per year. College instructors require more formal education and often require a master’s degree. Their median salary in 2014 is $68,970 per year. Similar jobs include high school teachers, anthropologists, special education teachers, historians, and economists.

老师负责各自领域的学生教育。有非常多不同类型的老师,但是预期增长最多的是幼儿园老师和高校辅导员。每个学校和州对幼儿园老师的受教育要求都不同,从高中文凭到大学学位。2014年平均工资为27,130 美金。高校辅导员需要更正规的教育,经常都需要硕士学位。2014年平均工资为68,970美金。相似的职业有高中老师,人类学家,特殊教育老师,历史学家和经济学家。

 

For the English Majors: Technical Writer

英语系的:专业作家

 

Technical writers prepare journal articles, instruction manuals, and supporting documents essential to the communication of complex information. They are responsible for researching and developing technical information for customers, designers, and manufacturers. Technical writers generally have a college degree, but knowledge and experience with the technical subject is more important. The median wage is $65,500. Similar careers include editors, interpreters, public relations specialists, and fundraising managers.

专业作家准备期刊文献,说明书,复杂信息交流的辅助性基础文件。他们负责研究,发展技术信息并提供给顾客,设计师和制造商。专业作家通常有一个大学学位,但是与技术相关的知识和经验更重要。平均工资为65,500美金。相似的职业有编辑,译员,公共关系专家, 筹资经理。

 

For the Biology Major: Medical Scientist

生物专业:医学科学家

 

 

 

 

Medical scientists aim to improve overall health by conducting research, clinical trials, and investigative methods. Medical scientists almost always require a Ph.D. in biology or life science. The median pay is $76,980 per year. Similar jobs include agricultural and food scientists, biochemists, epidemiologists, and healthy educators.

医学科学家工作是通过研究,临床试验和研究方法。医学科学家基本上都需要生物或生命科学的博士学位。平均工资为76,980美金。相似的职业有农业食物科学家,生物化学家,流行病学家和健康教育家。

 

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